The extreme right in light of public opinion polls

One of the commentators on this blog confidently announced that there are no neo-nazis in Hungary. They are the figment of the imagination of Gyurcsány and his "gang." Of course, this is nonsense. There is a sizable group of people that fall into the category of the extreme right. Tibor Závecz, researcher of Szonda Ipsos, was interviewed on the subject of the Hungarian extreme right the other day in168 Óra. Based on careful research Szonda Ipsos estimates that 9-10% of the Hungarian adult population can be categorized as followers of extreme right ideology. That is not a small number. It means a group of about 700-800,000 people. Whom do they categorize as people with extreme political views? The most important consideration is that they oppose the parliamentary system and democratic institutions. They consider liberal democracy anarchy. They believe in "order." Moreover, they believe that creating order out of this alleged chaos is their calling. The most extreme group within the radicals would like to get rid of the courts altogether and take things into their own hands. Their ideology also hinges on "being Hungarian," and they are the ones who decide who is Hungarian and who is not.

According to Závecz, although this extreme right radicalism has most likely existed for a long time, it "came out of the closet" only after 2000. Or, put another way, prior to 2000 people of right radical persuasion kept their views more or less to themselves. Sure, before 2000 MIÉP had a following of about 200,000, but this represented only a fraction of right radicals. In fact, Szonda Ipsos estimates that their numbers haven't really changed. It's just that in the last eight years or so right radicals feel that they no longer have to hide their political views because their ideas have become more or less acceptable. They have also become politically hyperactive. They don't need any outside urging to go to demonstrate or to go to vote. Currently 80-90% of them say that they would vote if the elections were held this Sunday, compared to only 50% of the population at large. This is an especially interesting statistic since they don't really believe in elections. But of course, they take advantage of the democratic process as long as it exists.

The right radicals are becoming bolder and bolder. They test how far they can go without consequence, and the very liberal Hungarian law is incapable of handling all the iterations of this aggressive minority. Of course, not all 700-800,000 right radicals would go out and throw Molotov cocktails, but they sympathize with those who do.

Every age group among the right radicals has its own grievance. The young ones consider last year's austerity measures catastrophic, although Hungary experienced only a relatively mild drop in living standards. When these young guys talk about Trianon it is no more than a pose because they know nothing about it, and the loss of territory in 1918-1919 has no measurable effect on their lives. The whole country is traditionally pessimistic but these right radicals are extremely discontented.

If the group of right radicals is so large why don't they try their hand at forming a party and taking power away from the two big parties? They know that they are not strong enough to go it alone. They hate Gyurcsány and MSZP more than they dislike Orbán and Fidesz. Out of necessity they, at least for the time being, support Fidesz. But they are not really happy with this alliance. It is not Fidesz's program that moves them but the hope that with the help of Fidesz they can get rid of MSZP and the liberals. Eighty percent of them vote for Fidesz at any given election.

Finally, Závecz thinks that the existing laws are not strong enough to keep this extreme radical group from endangering Hungary's democratic structure. Who should try to restrain this ideology and its practitioners? Závecz thinks that it should be the party who wants to use them and who wants their votes. And surely, this is Viktor Orbán and his party. Well. . . .

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Barak
Guest

10% makes really a big problem.
what can be the solution?
A deception within the Jobbik voters after few years beeing in parlament?
economic grouth?
Education of the new generations?
travelling?

Laszlo Szarka
Guest

In this article I realy misst one thing.To ask a question;WHY?
Because after the Soviet block collapsed,every nation got what they want,exept Magyars.And further more Hungary got back the communists in power,with fully support by the US an EU.The Magyars are opressed again.The Magyars never got any chance to rebuild their National life.Instead they got a criminal underworld rule the country.Yes!Only real Magyars are whos unexpect the Trianon Threaty,wich is a deth sentence for us.The West and the East made in Hungary a criminal conspiracy against our Nation.Even the deviant elements with support by foreign powers,can question and attack our anciant National symbols,culture,etc.That’s why the National Radicals get stronger and stronger every day.The Nation of Magyars rtecognized that only the Hungarist represent our National interest.If the opression enlarging by foreign powers/Bruxelles and Washington/,the National resistance get larger and larger.If the infamous bolshevik MSZP Gov’t put more pressure on the Nation,nothing and nobody can stop the explosion.Remember on ’56!
Laszlo Szarka

Adrian
Guest

Well, “why” is the right question? Why on earth are young people so dissatisfied with the freedoms and wealth that liberalisation has brought?
Somebody else suggested on this or another blog that there is a generational aspect to right-wing radicalism. Today’s young people find it easier to identify with the generation of ’56 – their grandparents, than the generation of ’89 – their parents. They are more sympathetic to confrontation than to compromise. I like this idea it explains things like the American media’s obsession with the “greatest generation”, or why I found my racist, royalist, deist grandmother more compelling than my Thatcherite parents. Perhaps, if he survives the coming revolution as an old man Gyurcsány will be feted by the young as the one leader who tried to make the country face economic and geopolitical realities.

Laszlo Szarka
Guest

The Prime Minister of Hungary–Mr.Cocroach,—and his gang are nothing,but a bunch of bolshevik criminals,and the dedliest enemie of the Nation of Magyars at all time.We have no record in our thousands of years history such destruction,made by this infamous far-left wing criminal gang.May be the Tatars made that much demage.It’s doesn’t matter of the geopolitical bla,bla,bla.In 1989 Hungary did not lost any war.That was not the war-situation.And the international organizations and the super powers threat Hungary as a war looser!And it’s still going on!You just try to cover the sad fact with this propagande bla,bla,bla.Such as the Nation of Magyars are totally robbed.Like the international hold-up gang pillaged the Stage Coach more than a 100 years ago.That’s what it is,nothing else.To genocide the Nation of Magyars is on the way.No matter who is planned this,but for us, the situation IS unexceptable!We are not slaves,we are not the dogs for every foreign gangsters,we build the State of Hungary a hundreds of generations of our ancestors FOR US!Hungary is belongs to Magyars!First of all.
Laszlo Szarka

Laszlo Szarka
Guest

Are we an extreme right,because we don’t want to die?So we are!SO WHAT?NA ES??
Laszlo Szarka

Laszlo Szarka
Guest

OUR leftover homeland is occupied again.This time occupied by the most extreme destroyer force,the International Zion Nazis.And they used the traitors the left winger underclass genetical leftovers.Again.We are the Magyars,realized,that we can not whitdraw anywere,anymore,just to live in peace.They wont let us in peace.So we decided to organized a National Liberation Force,to liberate our country,to live our own life and pushing out of the country those thives from Zion.Hungary is became the European Palestine.But we don’t throw rocks on their tanks……They gonna get something else.We promise that.1989 we did not bother or threatened anyone.We just want to be free.Our dream of freedom is stolen.Again.The WEST is came with two faces infamousity.Again.And this is their true face.They are nothing,but a bunch of robber gang,in elegant clothing.Whatever going to happen in the near future,is their foult.The WEST is a genocider international Hold Up gang,nothing else.Lead by Israel.
Laszlo Szarka