László Szarka, commenting on this blog, couldn't have picked a better time to espouse his views because his post enables me to expand a bit on what Tibor Závecz, researcher for Szonda Ipsos, said in his brief interview about the Hungarian extreme right.
Szarka's ideas are typical of this group of extreme nationalists. First and foremost, his post is dripping with self-pity. Every nation of the former Soviet bloc with the notable exception of Hungary got everything it ever wanted. The Hungarians are still suffering. In fact, as Szarka himself intimates, the communists have remained in power in Hungary with the full support of the United States. For good measure he mentions Europe as well, but this is a later addition to the original conspiracy theory called the Pact of Rózsadomb (Hill of the Roses, perhaps the plushest district in Buda). According to this urban legend, on March 15, 1989 (according to another version on March 15, 1991) there was a secret meeting in one of the villas of the Rózsadomb of the general of the Soviet army that occupied Hungary, a colonel of the KGB, the first secretary of the United States Embassy, an officer of the CIA, a representative of Mossad, and representatives of the Catholic church and the Jewish community. They agreed that in exchange for the withdrawal of Soviet troops, they would retard the development of Hungarian democracy and the country's economic well-being. The document, consisting of twenty points, was signed by József Antall (MDF), Gyula Horn (MSZP), Iván Pető (SZDSZ), László Paskai (head of the Hungarian Catholic Church), Árpád Göncz (SZDSZ, later president of the republic), Gusztáv Zoltai (Jewish community) and Péter Boross (MDF). Without going into the details of the contents of this alleged document, it's enough to mention a few salient points. The national wealth would be passed into the hands of the communists, former communist party members wouldn't be punished, trusted communists would be smuggled into other parties, anti-Semitic propaganda would be forbidden, far-right parties wouldn't be allowed to function, friendship with the Soviet Union would be the lynchpin of foreign policy, and so on and so forth.
Szarka then moves on to "Magyars are oppressed again." The choice of words is telling. Not the people, not the population is oppressed; the "Magyars" are oppressed. And who are the oppressors? Surely, the non-Magyars. In plain language: the Jews.These people are not only not Hungarians but they are members of a criminal underworld. (When one hears the details of Hír TV's two young reporters and their activities one wonders who belongs to a criminal underworld. But breaking into the computers of the MSZP ad agency before the elections by members of the Fidesz campaign staff was a precedent for bad behavior.)
Then comes a predictable addendum to an age-old story. The only true Hungarians are those who refuse to accept the Treaty of Trianon. Eighty years after the ratification of the Treaty of Trianon Hungary has managed relatively well considering the huge territorial losses. It is true that economic growth never reached the pre-1914 level, but the successor states of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy all suffered economically as a result of the loss of a large common market and the high tariff barriers each of these countries erected against the others.
Let's go back to Szarka's first claim: "every nation got what they wanted, except Hungary." Hmm! I haven't heard that Poland got back the territories it lost in 1939 as a result of the Soviet occupation. The Poles fought throughout the war (Home Army) alongside the Allies, and yet the best they could get was some compensation on the western border at the expense of Germany. I haven't heard that the East Germans (Prussians) got back East Prussia or Königsberg. I haven't heard that the Estonians, Latvians, and Lithuanians managed to expel all those Russians who settled in the Baltic States after 1939. That's nonsense too, isn't it, Mr. Szarka?
As for the oppression of Brussels and Washington. We all know about the billions of euros Hungary has received as a result of the so-called convergence program. You know, Mr. Szarka, what "convergence" means? It means that the wicked West wants Hungary to raise the standard of living of the Hungarian people to the level of the more developed western part of the European Union. That's the oppression of Brussels. As for the oppression of Washington: American capital played a pivotal role in the early 1990s in building up modern industrial capacity (General Electric, for example) in place of a collapsed Hungarian industry that couldn't produce anything that could be sold outside of the Soviet bloc. There was no Hungarian capital that could jump start the economy; there was only debt.
Luckily those people who are running the country have a different worldview from Mr. Szarka and his fellow Hungarists. They know that Hungary's ruin would be the kind of political and economic future the Hungarists have in mind. These people's problem is that they know so little about the world in general. History? Economics? Globalization? Competition? No, their most important consideration is national symbols. One cannot eat national symbols. I hear turul meat is very tough, and there are not too many turuls in the first place. And please don't dare utter "1956." It really offends me. And when you read the rantings of Mr. Szarka, think about it: there are 799,999 more like him.